The Meidum Pyramid
A Standing Measure of the Evolution of Ancient Egyptian Construction
A Brief Introduction
A forgotten pyramid, a hidden treasure, a mark of ancient architectural evolution, the Meidum pyramid is a rare example of a pyramid, as it illustrates the gradual progression of the ancient Egyptian legacy of pyramid structures.
The pyramid is located in a remote area of the Western Desert, south of Cairo, amongst the lush green fields which abound in the nearby Fayoum governorate. Unfortunetely the Meidum Pyramid is not one of the traditional ancient sites on the typical tours in Egypt, however it certainly is one of the important ones.
The Pyramid marks the transition from the earlier more primitive beginning of the pyramid, the Step Pyramid at Sakkara, and the more developed smooth-sided true pyramids of Giza. The king responsible for the Meidum Pyramid is still a matter of debate between Egyptologists. Some attribute the pyramid to the 4th Dynasty king Snefru, and others to the King Huni, the predessecor of Snefru.
The Meidum Pyramid was constructed in response to the Sakkara Step Pyramid, creating a developed concept of even more novel ideas. The outer casing of the pyramid is smooth and leveled, with a gradual inclination to what appears to be three steps. Theoriests and explorers discovered that the construction process involved smaller steps on the inside of the exterior casing, to support and allow the builders to create such a smooth finish. Again, this is a matter of debate.
The Meidum pyramid poses one of the most puzzling and mysterious pyramids of Egypt. Its method of construction, its intention and process of development continues to be a subject of dispute and theoretical ponder between Egytologists, archeaologists, historians and even tourists.